Buttock augmentation — all forms of it — is surgery, and all surgery carries risks. The seriousness of the risks and the types of risk involved depend on whether the procedure you are undergoing is fat injections (Brazilian butt lift), butt implants or a buttock lift. In addition to the medical risks of these procedures, there is also the risk that you will be dissatisfied with the results of buttock augmentation procedure.
For any type of buttock augmentation, follow your surgeon's instructions to the letter to reduce the risks of infection or other problems.
The general risks of any surgery include excessive bleeding, excessive scarring, formation of blood clots, and reactions to anesthesia.
Because you will be incapacitated for several days to a couple of weeks after your buttock augmentation surgery, the risks of a thromboembolism are increased. A thromboembolism is a blood clot that forms and breaks loose and travels in the bloodstream. If it lodges in the heart, brain, or lungs, there are serious health consequences. Lying still for long periods of time increases the risk of a thromboembolism. This is why you will be told to walk around after your surgery and a few times each day as you recover no matter how much pain you are in.
The risks associated with the injections themselves are low, but the buttock fat injections procedure also involves liposuction, which has its own risks. You can read more about those risks at liposuction risks. The injections carry the risk of infection and scarring.
Butt implants carry the risk of scarring, excessive bleeding, and becoming dislodged. However, the main concern with butt implants is the risk of infection. Because the incision most commonly used with butt implants is in the gluteal cleft, quite near the anus, the risk of bacterial infection is higher than with almost any other cosmetic surgery. The risk of infection is smaller if the incisions are placed elsewhere, but then scars will be visible. Your surgeon will give you complete instructions on how to keep your incision clean, but even so, an infection is possible with butt implants.
The incisions for a butt implant are also under great stress because you use the muscles and other structures of your butt in almost everything you do. Walking, moving, and sitting will put a great deal of stress on the implants and the incisions. Although you will be resting a great deal after your surgery, you will still need to move about and walk gently after your surgery. You will be told when you can sit and when you can start resuming your normal activities so that the incisions heal well.
There is the chance that one or both implants may be dislodged. If the implants are dislodged, they will either have to be removed or put back into position surgically.
The risks of a butt lift include scarring and excessive bleeding. Because the incision is slightly above your buttocks, there is less risk of infection than that seen with the usual incision used for a butt implant. However, this incision will still be under a great deal of stress as you move.
With any type of buttock augmentation, you may be dissatisfied with the results. You may feel that your butt was not augmented enough or too much, or feel that your implants do not look natural. Or you may be unhappy with the amount of scarring. You can reduce the risk of being unhappy with the results of your surgery by sitting with your surgeon before your surgery and discussing in depth how you want to look afterward.
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