Male Liposuction Risks

All surgeries have risks and complications, and liposuction for men is no exception. Complications are rare, but can and do happen. These complications can include those that can occur with any surgery, such as an allergic reaction to the anesthetic, infection or other medical complications, along with complications specific to liposuction and cosmetic surgery.

General Risks and Complications Associated With Male Liposuction Surgery

A bad reaction to anesthesia can occur during a liposuction procedure. This can occur even if you have had no previous problems with anesthesia.

Postoperative bleeding can also occur with liposuction surgery for men. In addition, a blood clot called a hematoma can occur in the treated area, as can a seroma, a pocket of watery fluid.

Tissue Necrosis

Necrosis, or the death of tissue, can occur when the blood supply to those tissues are cut off. When this occurs in fat cells, the fat turns an orange color and drains from the incision sites. However, when necrosis occurs in other types of tissue, it is a more serious problem that must be treated immediately.

Risks Associated Specifically with Male Liposuction

Several types of liposuction involve flooding the treatment area with fluids. These fluids include lidocaine and epinephrine. You can have a reaction to either drug, and if too much fluid is used, you can have a condition caused by fluid overload and a build up of fluid in the lungs (pulmonary edema).

Even though liposuction can carry the risk of too much fluid in the body, it also carries the possibility of dehydration. Dehydration, when it occurs, usually happens in high-volume liposuctions, where a great deal of fat is being removed (more than 10 pounds). Excessive blood loss may also occur in high-volume liposuction.


Emboli (singular: embolus) are bits of clotted blood or other tissue that enter the bloodstream and can cause a blockage. A pulmonary thromboembolus occurs when a blood clot travels through the bloodstream to lodge in the lungs and can be very serious. It can cause severe breathing problems, which can lead to cardiac arrest or a coma. In most cases, the symptoms are labored breathing within 72 hours after surgery, but it can occur within 3 weeks after the surgery. A fat embolus is a globule of fat that enters the blood stream. It can be carried to the heart, lungs or brain.

Irregular Contour Deformities

Although not physically harmful, one of the major problems with male liposuction is contour irregularities or deformities. These are dents, bumps and waves that are visible and create an unattractive appearance. These conditions can occur if you do not follow postoperative instructions. If the irregularities are severe, you might need further liposuction to smooth them out.

General Dissatisfaction With Male Liposuction Procedure

General dissatisfaction may occur if you fail to convey your expectations about how you want to look after your procedure to your liposuction surgeon. You should be as clear and detailed as possible when describing results in order to avoid being disappointed after the surgery. You may also be dissatisfied with the amount of scar tissue. Liposuction scars initially look prominent and generally fade over time.

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